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Simultaneous determination of isomeric substituted anilines by imidization with benzaldehyde and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry

Chen, Mengmeng, Zhu, Guohua, Wang, Shanshan, Jiang, Kezhi, Xu, Jiaxiang, Liu, Jinsong, Jiang, Jianxiong
Journal of separation science 2018 v.41 no.2 pp. 440-448
aromatic amines, benzaldehyde, capillary gas chromatography, correlation, derivatization, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, imines
The chromatographic separation of several isomeric anilines is a challenging issue. Herein, a simple method for the simultaneous determination of four groups of isomeric primary aromatic amines, including chloroanilines, methylanilines, methoxylanilines, and dimethylanilines, was presented. In this method, all of the 15 primary aromatic amines were easily transformed into the corresponding imine derivative by treatment with benzaldehyde under mild conditions. The formed isomeric imine derivatives were completely separated on a commercial capillary gas chromatography column. The effects of several derivatization parameters were investigated and optimized. Linearity in the optimized method ranged from 0.050 to 50 μg/mL with the squared correlation coefficients (R²) between 0.9981 and 0.9999. Reasonable reproducibility was obtained, with the intraday relative standard deviation (N = 5) ranging from 0.89 to 4.57% and interday relative standard deviation ranging from 2.26 to 7.69% at the concentration of 5.0 μg/mL. The developed method has been successfully applied to determine these isomeric aromatic amines in real samples.