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Ultrasound‐assisted extraction and solid‐phase extraction for the simultaneous determination of five amide herbicides in fish samples by gas chromatography with electron capture detection
- Qu, Zhipeng, Bai, Xiuzhi, Zhang, Ting, Yang, Zhaoguang
- Journal of separation science 2017 v.40 no.5 pp. 1142-1149
- acetochlor, alachlor, butachlor, cities, correlation, detection limit, fish, gas chromatography, hexane, metazachlor, solid phase extraction, solvents, ultrasonic treatment
- An efficient sample extraction and clean‐up method was developed for simultaneous determination of five amide herbicides (alachlor, acetochlor, propisochlor, metazachlor, and butachlor) in fish samples. The protocol consisted of ultrasound‐assisted solvent extraction and solid‐phase extraction clean‐up. In detail, aliquots of homogenized fish flesh were thoroughly mixed with 20 mL of n‐hexane and then extracted with ultrasonication for 40 min. Each sample was centrifuged and the supernatant was collected for the subsequent clean‐up. For the sample preparation, the above supernatant was processed with a C₁₈ column with 3 mL of dichloromethane/n‐hexane (1:1, v/v) as the eluant. Then the samples were analyzed by gas chromatography with electron capture detection. The correlation coefficients of the five calibration curves were 0.9976–0.9998 (n = 3). The limits of detection (S/N = 3, n = 11) and limits of quantification (S/N = 10, n = 11) were 0.19–0.42 and 0.63–1.39 μg/kg, respectively. The recoveries of this method were 71.2–92.6% with good precision (<4.7% relative standard deviations, n = 6). The developed method was successfully applied to monitor the five amide herbicides in fish samples collected from different cities.