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Accumulation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Mussels: A Proteomic Study

Ambrosio, Letizia, Russo, Rosario, Salzano, Anna Maria, Serpe, Francesco Paolo, Ariano, Andrea, De Tommasi, Nunziatina, Dal Piaz, Fabrizio, Severino, Lorella
Journal of food protection 2018 v.81 no.2 pp. 316-324
Mytilus galloprovincialis, analytical methods, animal-based foods, aquatic organisms, bioaccumulation, environmental monitoring, fish products, human health, mussels, physical properties, pollutants, polychlorinated biphenyls, protein synthesis, proteins, proteomics, screening, seafoods, surveys
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are environmental pollutants of industrial origin that can contaminate food, mainly food of animal origin. Although production of PCBs has been banned in many countries since the 1980s, they are still present in the environment and are considered dangerous pollutants for human health. In fact, they can bioaccumulate in living organisms such as marine organisms because of their chemical and physical properties. New analytical approaches are useful to monitor the presence of such contaminants in seafood products and in the environment. In this work, we evaluate changes in protein expression of Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lam.) experimentally exposed to a PCB mixture and identify chemically specific protein expression signatures by using a proteomic approach. In particular, we identify 21 proteins whose levels of expression are sensibly modified after 3 weeks of exposure. The present work shows that a proteomic approach can be a useful tool to study alterations of protein expression in mussels exposed to PCBs and represents a first step toward the development of screening protocols to be used for biomonitoring surveys of fishery products.