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In situ TEM synthesis of carbon nanotube Y-junctions by electromigration induced soldering

Sharma, Subash, Rosmi, Mohamad Saufi, Yaakob, Yazid, Yusop, Mohd Zamri Mohd, Kalita, Golap, Kitazawa, Masashi, Tanemura, Masaki
Carbon 2018 v.132 pp. 165-171
anodes, carbon, carbon nanofibers, carbon nanotubes, electrical properties, soldering, transmission electron microscopes, transmission electron microscopy
In this work, we utilize Joule heating to convert Pt-embedded amorphous carbon nanofiber (CNF) to multiwall carbon nanotube (CNT) in a transmission electron microscope (TEM). The transformation process of Pt-embedded amorphous CNF to multiwall CNT and nano-soldering process using Pt encapsulated CNT was investigated in TEM in detail. Molten Pt-encapsulated inside CNF and CNT always flowed towards the anode, proving electromigration to be the dominant force over thermal migration. Controllable electromigration of Pt was utilized to connect the Pt-included CNT to another CNT, thus forming a seamlessly welded CNT structure. Further, two separate CNF were brought together to form Y-contact which was transformed into Y-junction CNT structure by controlled electromigration of Pt. Changes in morphology and electrical property during CNT formation and nano-soldering were probed in real time with high resolution TEM. Our method provides a procedure for the position control synthesis of CNT and its nano-soldering which can be an important step for future development of a CNT based nanoelectrical circuit.