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Technical note: Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy to predict fecal indigestible neutral detergent fiber for dairy cows

Brogna, N., Palmonari, A., Canestrari, G., Mammi, L., Dal Prà, A., Formigoni, A.
Journal of dairy science 2018 v.101 no.2 pp. 1234-1239
acid detergent fiber, amylases, crude protein, dairy cows, data collection, detergents, digestibility, equations, feces, forage, in vitro digestion, intrinsic factors, lignin, near-infrared spectroscopy, neutral detergent fiber, prediction, rumen, sodium sulfite, variance
In vitro and in situ procedures performed to estimate indigestible neutral detergent fiber (iNDF) in forage or fecal samples are time consuming, costly, and limited by intrinsic factors. In contrast, near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) has become widely recognized as a valuable tool for accurately determining chemical composition and digestibility parameters of forages. The aim of this study was to build NIRS calibrations and equations for fecal iNDF. In total, 1,281 fecal samples were collected to build a calibration data set, but only 301 were used to develop equations. Once dried, samples were ground and chemically analyzed for crude protein, ash, amylase and sodium sulfite–treated NDF corrected for ash residue (aNDFom), acid detergent fiber, acid detergent lignin, and in vitro digestion at 240 h to estimate iNDF (uNDF240). Each fecal sample was scanned using a NIRSystem 6500 instrument (Perstorp Analytical Inc., Silver Spring, MD). Spectra selection was performed, resulting in 301 sample spectra used to develop regression equations with good accuracy and low standard error of prediction. The standard error of calibration (SEC), cross validation (SECV), and coefficients of determination for calibration (R2) and for cross validation (1 − VR, where VR = variance ratio) were used to evaluate calibration and validation results. Moreover, the ratio performance deviation (RPD) and ratio of the range of the original data to SECV (range/SECV; range error ratio, RER) were also used to evaluate calibration and equation performance. Calibration data obtained on fiber fractions aNDFom (R2 = 0.92, 1 − VR = 0.87, SEC = 1.48, SECV = 1.89, RPD = 2.80, and RER = 20.19), uNDF240 (R2 = 0.92, 1 − VR = 0.86, SEC = 1.65, SECV = 2.24, RPD = 2.57, and RER = 14.30), and in vitro rumen aNDFom digestibility at 240 h (R2 = 0.90, 1 − VR = 0.85, SEC = 2.68, SECV = 3.43, RPD = 2.53, and RER = 14.0) indicated the predictive equations had good predictive value.