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In vitro bioaccessibility and physicochemical properties of phytosterol linoleic ester synthesized from soybean sterol and linoleic acid

Yang, Fuming, Oyeyinka, Samson A., Xu, Weili, Ma, Ying, Zhou, Shaobo
Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2018 v.92 pp. 265-271
bile, bioactive compounds, bioavailability, blood serum, chlorides, cholesterol, linoleic acid, manufacturing, oils, oxidative stability, peroxide value, phytosterols, solubility, soybeans
Phytosterols are bioactive components capable of reducing cholesterol level in serum and reducing risk of arteriosclerosis. In this study, conditions for the synthesis of maximum yield of phytosterol linoleic ester (PLE) was optimized and the physicochemical properties and in vitro bioaccessibility of the PLE were assessed. Under the optimized condition of 1:1.1 mol ratio of phytosterol and linoleoyl chloride at 80 °C for 1.5 h, the conversion rate of phytosterol reached 96.1%. Its solubility in oil increased 20 times, up to 33.8%. Also, peroxide value of PLE was much lower than linoleic acid (32.9 and 47.0 mmol/kg), which means better oxidative stability. Bioaccessibility of PLE was affected by time, concentration of bile extract, and dissolved medium. It was 4.93% alone, increased by 2.5 times compare to phytosterol; or 53.46% in oil, under the condition of 40 mg/mL bile extract for 120 min. In conclusion, under the tested condition, phytosterol conversion rate, its solubility in oil and bioaccessibility were improved significantly. The method showed great potential in manufacture high quality and quantity of PLE.