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Identification and molecular mapping of two soybean aphid resistance genes in soybean PI 587732

Kim, Ki-Seung, Chirumamilla, Anitha, Hill, Curtis B., Hartman, Glen L., Diers, Brian W.
Theoretical and applied genetics 2014 v.127 pp. 1251-1259
Aphis glycines, Glycine max, antibiosis, biotypes, chromosome mapping, genes, genetic markers, loci, marker-assisted selection, soybeans
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] continues to be plagued by the soybean aphid (Aphis glycines Matsumura: SA) in North America. New soybean resistance sources are needed to combat the four identified SA biotypes. The objectives of this study were to determine the inheritance of SA resistance in PI 587732 and to map resistance gene(s). For this study, 323 F2 and 214 F3 plants developed from crossing PI 587732 to two susceptible genotypes were challenged with three SA biotypes and evaluated with genetic markers. Choice tests showed that resistance to SA Biotype 1 in the first F2 population was controlled by a gene in the Rag1 region on chromosome 7, while resistance to SA Biotype 2 in the second population was controlled by a gene in the Rag2 region on chromosome 13. When 134 F3 plants segregating in both the Rag1 and Rag2 regions were tested with a 1:1 mixture of SA Biotypes 1 and 2, the Rag2 region and an interaction between the Rag1 and Rag2 regions were significantly associated with the resistance. Based on the results of the non-choice tests, the resistance gene in the Rag1 region in PI 587732 may be a different allele or gene from Rag1 from Dowling because the PI 587732 gene showed antibiosis type resistance to SA Biotype 2 while Rag1 from Dowling did not. The two SA resistance loci and genetic marker information from this study will be useful in increasing diversity of SA resistance sources and marker-assisted selection for soybean breeding programs.