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Species-specific bioaccumulation and correlated health risk of arsenic compounds in freshwater fish from a typical mine-impacted river

Jia, Yuyu, Wang, Lin, Li, Shan, Cao, Junfei, Yang, Zhaoguang
The Science of the total environment 2018 v.625 pp. 600-607
Monte Carlo method, arsenates, arsenic, arsenites, bioaccumulation, cacodylic acid, dried fish, freshwater fish, marine ecosystems, marine fish, muscle tissues, muscles, risk, rivers, toxicity, watersheds, China
Arsenic (As) speciation and bioaccumulation in fish muscle tissues have been intensively investigated in marine ecosystem. However, little is known about these in freshwater fish. In this study, freshwater fish including 120 specimens and 8 species were collected from the Xiang River, a typical mine-impacted river in China. Six As species including arsenite (AsIII), arsenate (AsV), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), dimethylarsinic acid (DMA), arsenocholine (AsC) and arsenobetaine (AsB) were simultaneously separated and determined using HPLC-ICP-MS. The mean (±SD) concentration of total As (tAs) in the dried fish muscle was 0.748±0.651mg·kg−1. AsB was found as the predominant As species in most of the studied fish samples, in accordance with the reports in marine fish. However, the diversity of inorganic/organic As proportion observed in the studied freshwater fish species was larger than that in marine fish species due to greater spatial variability of As contamination, mobilization and origination in the studied catchments. The percentage of AsB (AsB%) in fish muscle was irrelevant to tAs concentration, while the percentage of iAs (iAs%) decreased with tAs concentration in a hyperbolic pattern. This can be attributed to restricted assimilation and accumulation of toxic iAs with increasing tAs concentration in fish. Chronic non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risks were evaluated through Monte-Carlo simulation. The result indicated that consuming freshwater fish in the Xiang River could cause considerable carcinogenic risk to local inhabitants.