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Co-gasification of pine and oak biochar with sub-bituminous coal in carbon dioxide

Beagle, E., Wang, Y., Bell, D., Belmont, E.
Bioresource technology 2018 v.251 pp. 31-39
additive effect, biochar, byproducts, carbon dioxide, coal, feedstocks, gases, gasification, models, pyrolysis, rivers, spectrometers, temperature, thermogravimetry, watersheds
Pine and oak biochars derived as byproducts of demonstration-scale pyrolysis, and blends of these two feedstocks with Powder River Basin coal, were gasified in a carbon dioxide environment using a modified drop tube reactor (MDTR) and a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). The impact of gasification temperature on conversion kinetics was evaluated from the temporal evolution of major product gases in the MDTR as measured using a mass spectrometer. Random pore modeling was conducted to simulate gasification in the MDTR with favorable results. The MDTR and TGA were used to conduct gasification for assessment of non-linear additive effects in the blends. Additive analysis of the blends showed deviation from the experimental blend results, indicating inhibiting effects of co-gasifying the biochar and coal. Inhibitory effects are more significant for oak than pine and more pronounced in the TGA at lower gasification temperatures. Results are discussed in the context of feedstock and reactor type.