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Enhanced degradation of phenolic compounds in coal gasification wastewater by a novel integration of micro-electrolysis with biological reactor (MEBR) under the micro-oxygen condition

Ma, Weiwei, Han, Yuxing, Xu, Chunyan, Han, Hongjun, Ma, Wencheng, Zhu, Hao, Li, Kun, Wang, Dexin
Bioresource technology 2018 v.251 pp. 303-310
Pseudomonas, Shewanella, activated sludge, biodegradability, biodiversity, chemical oxygen demand, coal, electron transfer, gasification, longevity, microbial communities, phenolic compounds, synergism, wastewater
The aim of this work was to study an integration of micro-electrolysis with biological reactor (MEBR) for strengthening removal of phenolic compounds in coal gasification wastewater (CGW). The results indicated MEBR achieved high efficiencies in removal of COD and phenolic compounds as well as improvement of biodegradability of CGW under the micro-oxygen condition. The integrated MEBR process was more favorable to improvement of the structural stability of activated sludge and biodiversity of specific functional microbial communities. Especially, Shewanella and Pseudomonas were enriched to accelerate the extracellular electron transfer, finally facilitating the degradation of phenolic compounds. Moreover, MEBR process effectively relieved passivation of Fe-C filler surface and prolonged lifespan of Fe-C filler. Accordingly, the synergetic effect between iron-carbon micro-electrolysis (ICME) and biological action played a significant role in performance of the integrated process. Therefore, the integrated MEBR was a promising practical process for enhancing CGW treatment.