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Malic acid production by chemically induced Aspergillus niger MTCC 281 mutant from crude glycerol
- Iyyappan, J., Bharathiraja, B., Baskar, G., Jayamuthunagai, J., Barathkumar, S., Anna shiny, R.
- Bioresource technology 2018 v.251 pp. 264-267
- Aspergillus niger, biodiesel, byproducts, fuel production, glycerol, malic acid, methanol, mutants, transesterification
- In the present investigation, crude glycerol derived from transesterification process was utilized to produce the commercially-valuable malic acid. A combined resistant on methanol and malic acid strain of Aspergillus niger MTCC 281 mutant was generated in solid medium containing methanol (1–5%) and malic acid (40–80 g/L) by the adaptation process for 22 weeks. The ability of induced Aspergillus niger MTCC 281 mutant to utilize crude glycerol and pure glycerol to produce malic acid was studied. The yield of malic acid was increased with 4.45 folds compared with that of parent strain from crude glycerol. The highest concentration of malic acid from crude glycerol by using beneficial mutant was found to be 77.38 ± 0.51 g/L after 192 h at 25 °C. This present study specified that crude glycerol by-product from biodiesel production could be used for producing high amount of malic acid without any pretreatment.