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Algal-bacterial cooperation improves algal photolysis-mediated hydrogen production

Author:
Ban, Shidong, Lin, Weitie, Wu, Fangyan, Luo, Jianfei
Source:
Bioresource technology 2018 v.251 pp. 350-357
ISSN:
0960-8524
Subject:
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Chlorella, Pseudomonas, Scenedesmus, algae, bacteria, chlorophyll, coculture, culture media, dissolved oxygen, headspace analysis, hydrogen, hydrogen production, microbial growth, oxygen, protein content, starch
Abstract:
In this study, bacterium Pseudomonas sp. strain D was proved to be the main partner assisting Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in improving photolysis-mediated H₂ production and a good partner for promoting H₂ production by the green algae Chlorella and Scenedesmus. In strain D partnered algal-bacterial co-culture, the relative O₂ content in the headspace plus the dissolved oxygen in the culture medium were rapidly consumed by bacterial growth, resulting in a completely anaerobic environment that proved suitable for the activation of algal hydrogenase. Moreover, algal-bacterial cooperation was able to slow the reduction of chlorophyll, enhance starch accumulation, and maintain protein content, which are the potential factors whose control provides an opportunity for improving algal H₂ production. This study systematically analyzed the main pathway responsible for H₂ production by algal-bacterial cooperation and the potential mechanisms for improvement, and proposed an efficient and durable algal-bacterial cooperation system for improving photolysis-mediated H₂ production by green algae.
Agid:
5897693