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Ambrosia artemisiifolia as a potential resource for management of golden apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck)

Ding, Wenbing, Huang, Rui, Zhou, Zhongshi, He, Hualiang, Li, Youzhi
Pest management science 2018 v.74 no.4 pp. 944-949
Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Pomacea canaliculata, acute toxicity, aerial parts, chronic toxicity, growth and development, invasive species, lethal concentration 50, methanol, molluscicidal properties, molluscicides, paddies, powders, rice, Asia, Europe
BACKGROUND: Ambrosia artemisiifolia, an invasive weed in Europe and Asia, is highly toxic to the golden apple snail (GAS; Pomacea canaliculata) in laboratory tests. However, little is known about the chemical components of A. artemisiifolia associated with the molluscicidal activity or about its potential application for GAS control in rice fields. This study evaluated the molluscicidal activities of powders, methanol extracts, and individual compounds from A. artemisiifolia against GAS in rice fields and under laboratory conditions. RESULTS: Ambrosia artemisiifolia powders did not negatively affect the growth and development of rice but they reduced damage to rice caused by GAS. Extracts had moderate acute toxicity but potent chronic toxicity. The 24‐h 50% lethal concentration (LC₅₀) of the extracts against GAS was 194.0 mg L–¹, while the weights, lengths and widths of GAS were significantly affected by exposure to a sublethal concentration (100 mg/mL). Psilostachyin, psilostachyin B, and axillaxin were identified as the most active molluscicide components in the aerial parts of A. artemisiifolia, and the 24‐h LC₅₀ values of these purified compounds were 15.9, 27.0, and 97.0 mg/L, respectively. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that chemical compounds produced by A. artemisiifolia may be useful for population management of GAS in rice fields. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry