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Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization as a source of variation for wheat grain quality improvement

Alvarez, JuanB., Guzmán, Carlos
Theoretical and applied genetics 2018 v.131 no.2 pp. 225-251
genetic variation, gluten, grain quality, hardness, intergeneric hybridization, nutritive value, starch, vitamins, wheat, wild relatives
KEY MESSAGE: The hybridization events with wild relatives and old varieties are an alternative source for enlarging the wheat quality variability. This review describes these process and their effects on the technological and nutritional quality. Wheat quality and its end-uses are mainly based on variation in three traits: grain hardness, gluten quality and starch. In recent times, the importance of nutritional quality and health-related aspects has increased the range of these traits with the inclusion of other grain components such as vitamins, fibre and micronutrients. One option to enlarge the genetic variability in wheat for all these components has been the use of wild relatives, together with underutilised or neglected wheat varieties or species. In the current review, we summarise the role of each grain component in relation to grain quality, their variation in modern wheat and the alternative sources in which wheat breeders have found novel variation.