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Increased heterologous production of the antitumoral polyketide mithramycin A by engineered Streptomyces lividans TK24 strains

Novakova, Renata, Núñez, LuzElena, Homerova, Dagmar, Knirschova, Renata, Feckova, Lubomira, Rezuchova, Bronislava, Sevcikova, Beatrica, Menéndez, Nuria, Morís, Francisco, Cortés, Jesús, Kormanec, Jan
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2018 v.102 no.2 pp. 857-869
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Streptomyces argillaceus, Streptomyces lividans, antineoplastic agents, biocatalysis, biosynthesis, carcinoma, fermentation, heterologous gene expression, hypercalcemia, multigene family, myeloid leukemia, polyketides, secondary metabolites, testes
Mithramycin A is an antitumor compound used for treatment of several types of cancer including chronic and acute myeloid leukemia, testicular carcinoma, hypercalcemia and Paget’s disease. Selective modifications of this molecule by combinatorial biosynthesis and biocatalysis opened the possibility to produce mithramycin analogues with improved properties that are currently under preclinical development. The mithramycin A biosynthetic gene cluster from Streptomyces argillaceus ATCC12956 was cloned by transformation assisted recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and heterologous expression in Streptomyces lividans TK24 was evaluated. Mithramycin A was efficiently produced by S. lividans TK24 under standard fermentation conditions. To improve the yield of heterologously produced mithramycin A, a collection of derivative strains of S. lividans TK24 were constructed by sequential deletion of known potentially interfering secondary metabolite gene clusters using a protocol based on the positive selection of double crossover events with blue pigment indigoidine-producing gene. Mithramycin A production was evaluated in these S. lividans strains and substantially improved mithramycin A production was observed depending on the deleted gene clusters. A collection of S. lividans strains suitable for heterologous expression of actinomycetes secondary metabolites were generated and efficient production of mithramycin A with yields close to 3 g/L, under the tested fermentation conditions was achieved using these optimized collection of strains.