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Effect of different CO2 concentrations on biomass, pigment content, and lipid production of the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana

Author:
Sabia, Alessandra, Clavero, Esther, Pancaldi, Simonetta, Salvadó Rovira, Joan
Source:
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2018 v.102 no.4 pp. 1945-1954
ISSN:
0175-7598
Subject:
Bacillariophyceae, Thalassiosira pseudonana, air, biodiesel, biomass production, carbon dioxide, flue gas, fuel production, lipid content, polyunsaturated fatty acids
Abstract:
The marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana grown under air (0.04% CO₂) and 1 and 5% CO₂ concentrations was evaluated to determine its potential for CO₂ mitigation coupled with biodiesel production. Results indicated that the diatom cultures grown at 1 and 5% CO₂ showed higher growth rates (1.14 and 1.29 div day⁻¹, respectively) and biomass productivities (44 and 48 mgAFDWL⁻¹ day⁻¹) than air grown cultures (with 1.13 div day⁻¹ and 26 mgAFDWL⁻¹ day⁻¹). The increase of CO₂ resulted in higher cell volume and pigment content per cell of T. pseudonana. Interestingly, lipid content doubled when air was enriched with 1–5% CO₂. Moreover, the analysis of the fatty acid composition of T. pseudonana revealed the predominance of monounsaturated acids (palmitoleic-16:1 and oleic-18:1) and a decrease of the saturated myristic acid-14:0 and polyunsaturated fatty acids under high CO₂ levels. These results suggested that T. pseudonana seems to be an ideal candidate for biodiesel production using flue gases.
Agid:
5900442