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Chromium removal from solution by five photosynthetic bacteria isolates

Su, Yan-Qiu, Zhao, Yang-Juan, Wu, Nan, Chen, Yang-Er, Zhang, Wei-Jia, Qiao, Dai-Rong, Cao, Yi
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2018 v.102 no.4 pp. 1983-1995
antioxidants, bacteriochlorophyll, cell death, chromium, cysteine, enzyme activity, enzymes, heavy metals, industrial effluents, ions, photosynthetic bacteria
Biological method has been recognized as a low-cost and ecofriendly approach for removing heavy metals from aqueous wastes. In this study, the ability of five photosynthetic bacteria isolates (strains labeled SC01, HN02, SC05, JS01, and YN01) was examined for their ability to remove Cr from Cr-containing solutions. Furthermore, the possible removal mechanisms were elucidated by comparing chromium removal rates, antioxidant reaction, and accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Among the five bacteria, strains SC01 and SC05 presented the highest removal rates of chromium ions and the activity of cysteine desulfhydrase under Cr stress. They also showed lower levels of ROS and cell death than the other three bacteria strains under Cr stress. In addition, total bacteriochlorophyll content and activities of six antioxidant enzymes in SC01 were highest among these selected strains. On the contrary, strain HN02 presented the lowest level of Cr removal and the lowest activities of antioxidant enzymes. It also exhibited the highest level of ROS under Cr(VI) stress. Overall, these results show that the strains SC01 and SC05 have good Cr removal ability and could be used for removal of Cr in industrial effluents.