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Complete genome sequence of a new member of the genus Badnavirus, Dioscorea bacilliform RT virus 3, reveals the first evidence of recombination in yam badnaviruses
- Bömer, Moritz, Rathnayake, AjithI., Visendi, Paul, Silva, Gonçalo, Seal, SusanE.
- Archives of virology 2018 v.163 no.2 pp. 533-538
- Dioscorea, Dioscorea bacilliform SN virus, breeding programs, monophyly, nucleotide sequences, viruses, yams
- Yams (Dioscorea spp.) host a diverse range of badnaviruses (genus Badnavirus, family Caulimoviridae). The first complete genome sequence of Dioscorea bacilliform RT virus 3 (DBRTV3), which belongs to the monophyletic species group K5, is described. This virus is most closely related to Dioscorea bacilliform SN virus (DBSNV, group K4) based on a comparison of genome sequences. Recombination analysis identified a unique recombination event in DBRTV3, with DBSNV likely to be the major parent and Dioscorea bacilliform AL virus (DBALV) the minor parent, providing the first evidence for recombination in yam badnaviruses. This has important implications for yam breeding programmes globally.