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Evidence of infection with avian, human, and swine influenza viruses in pigs in Cairo, Egypt
- Gomaa, MokhtarR., Kandeil, Ahmed, El-Shesheny, Rabeh, Shehata, MahmoudM., McKenzie, PamelaP., Webby, RichardJ., Ali, MohamedA., Kayali, Ghazi
- Archives of virology 2018 v.163 no.2 pp. 359-364
- Orthomyxoviridae, birds, humans, pandemic, slaughterhouses, swine, viruses, Egypt
- The majority of the Egyptian swine population was culled in the aftermath of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, but small-scale growing remains. We sampled pigs from piggeries and an abattoir in Cairo. We found virological evidence of infection with avian H9N2 and H5N1 viruses as well as human pandemic H1N1 influenza virus. Serological evidence suggested previous exposure to avian H5N1 and H9N2, human pandemic H1N1, and swine avian-like and human-like viruses. This raises concern about potential reassortment of influenza viruses in pigs and highlights the need for better control and prevention of influenza virus infection in pigs.