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Polymorphism of gliadins in Aegilops tauschii Coss. local populations in two primary habitats in Dagestan

Dudnikov, AlexanderJu.
Genetic resources and crop evolution 2018 v.65 no.3 pp. 845-854
Aegilops tauschii, cross pollination, electrophoresis, genetic variation, gliadin, habitats, haplotypes, phenotype, phylogeny, Russia
Polymorphism of gliadins was investigated in Aegilops tauschii from primary habitats “4”, near Hily, and “6”, near Rukel, in Dagestan, Russia 205 individual plants were analysed (53/50 and 54/48 plants of subsp. tauschii/subsp. strangulata from the habitats “4” and “6”, respectively) and 1/7 and 18/14 different haplotypes were found among the plants of subsp. tauschii/subsp. strangulata from the habitats “4” and “6”, respectively. No direct evidences of cross-pollination were pointed out, although gliadins electrophoretic phenotypes obtained allowed to suggest that it occur in Ae. tauschii with very low frequency. The data obtained revealed that during Ae. tauschii evolutionary history a local habitat could be populated many times by different phylogenetic lineages of the species. It was found that in Dagestan, at the very edge of the species area, several different lineages belonging to different subspecies could for a long time co-exist together in a local habit, and in such case a very high level of genetic variation in Ae. tauschii could be accumulated on a square of less than one hectare. The further studies of genetic variation in Ae. tauschii local populations, based on molecular genetic methods seems to be very prospective for understanding of peculiarities of the species evolution.