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Toxicity testing of four silver nanoparticle-coated dental castings in 3-D LO2 cell cultures

Zhao, Yi-ying, Chu, Qiang, Shi, Xu-er, Zheng, Xiao-dong, Shen, Xiao-ting, Zhang, Yan-zhen
Journal of Zhejiang University 2018 v.19 no.2 pp. 159-167
alloys, cell culture, cell viability, hepatocytes, humans, liver, microscopy, models, nanoparticles, nanosilver, silver, thermoplastics, toxicity, toxicity testing, viability assays
To address the controversial issue of the toxicity of dental alloys and silver nanoparticles in medical applications, an in vivo-like LO2 3-D model was constructed within polyvinylidene fluoride hollow fiber materials to mimic the microenvironment of liver tissue. The use of microscopy methods and the measurement of liver-specific functions optimized the model for best cell performances and also proved the superiority of the 3-D LO2 model when compared with the traditional monolayer model. Toxicity tests were conducted using the newly constructed model, finding that four dental castings coated with silver nanoparticles were toxic to human hepatocytes after cell viability assays. In general, the toxicity of both the castings and the coated silver nanoparticles aggravated as time increased, yet the nanoparticles attenuated the general toxicity by preventing metal ion release, especially at high concentrations.