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Dietary Iodine Affected the GSH-Px to Regulate the Thyroid Hormones in Thyroid Gland of Rex Rabbits

Qin, Feng, Pan, Xiaoqing, Yang, Jie, Li, Sheng, Shao, Le, Zhang, Xia, Liu, Beiyi, Li, Jian
Biological trace element research 2018 v.181 no.2 pp. 251-257
aldehydes, animal health, antioxidant activity, blood serum, catalase, diet, gene expression, glutathione peroxidase, hydrogen peroxide, iodide peroxidase, iodine, liver, messenger RNA, methane, rabbits, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, secretion, slaughter, superoxide dismutase, thyroid gland, thyroid hormones, tissue weight
Iodine (I) is an essential trace element that can influence animal health and productivity. In this study, we investigated the effects of dietary iodine on the antioxidant indices of organ (liver and thyroid gland) and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in Rex rabbits. A total of 120 4-month-old Rex rabbits (2235.4 ± 13.04 g BW) were divided into four equal groups, and their diets were supplemented with iodine (0, 0.2, 2, or 4 mg/kg dry matter (DM)). The iodine concentration in basal diet (control group) was 0.36 mg/kg DM. In most of measured parameters, supplemental iodine exerted no significant effect. Growth and slaughter performance and organ weight were not influenced significantly by iodine supplementation. Serum T₃ was significantly lower in 2-mg I group than in 0.2 and 4-mg I groups (P < 0.05). Superoxide dismutase (SOD), GSH-Px, methane dicarboxylic aldehyde (MDA), and thyroperoxidase (TPO) in the serum and liver were not influenced (P > 0.05). Conversely, serum catalase (CAT) was significantly reduced (P < 0.05). In the thyroid, GSH-Px was higher in the 2-mg I group than in the 0.2- and 4-mg I groups (P < 0.05). RT-PCR results showed that the mRNA expression level of GSH-Px in the liver was not significantly influenced (P > 0.05). In the thyroid gland, the mRNA expression level of GSH-Px was higher in the 2-mg I group than in the 4-mg I group (P < 0.05), which agreed with the activity of GSH-Px. In conclusion, iodine supplementation exerted no effect on the performance and antioxidant capacity of the body, but dietary iodine influenced serum T₃ or GSH-Px in the thyroid gland. Thus, on the basis of serum T₃ and GSH-Px levels in the thyroid gland, we hypothesized that GSH-Px secretion was increased by adding dietary iodine in the thyroid, which may inhibit the H₂O₂ generation and further influence the thyroid hormone synthesis.