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Decay resistance to Botrytis cinerea and quality characteristics during storage of raspberry genotypes

Harshman, Julia M., Jurick II, Wayne M., Lewers, Kim S., Wang, Shiow Y., Walsh, Christopher S.
ARS USDA Submissions 2014 v.49 no.3 pp. 311
Botrytis cinerea, Rubus idaeus, Rubus occidentalis, anthocyanins, color, decay resistance, environmental factors, ethylene production, farms, firmness, fruit quality, genotype, hybrids, interspecific variation, juices, markets, oxygen radical absorbance capacity, pH, phenolic compounds, postharvest diseases, raspberries, shelf life, soluble solids, titratable acidity, weather
Raspberries are a delicate, high-value crop with an extremely short shelf life exacerbated by postharvest decay caused by Botrytis cinerea Pers. European red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) is the most widely grown variety. Yellow (R. idaeus L.), black (R. occidentalis L.), and purple raspberries (R. x neglectus Peck. or R. occidentalis X idaeus hybrids) are available mainly at local markets and U-pick farms. To compare the postharvest quality of the raspberry color groups, pesticide-free fruit from cultivars and breeding selections of red, yellow, purple, and black raspberries were examined for oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), phenolics, anthocyanins, soluble solids, titratable acids, pH, color, firmness, decay and juice leakage rates, ethylene evolution, and respiration. There were significant correlations between decay rate and physiochemical properties. Both decay and leakage rates were correlated with weather conditions before harvest, but each color group responded differently to different weather factors. There were no correlations among changes in color, firmness, decay, or juice leakage rates. All the other color groups were less acidic than the familiar red raspberry. Yellow raspberries had the worst decay rates but the best leakage rates. Black and purple raspberries, with the highest phenolics and anthocyanins and the lowest ethylene evolution rates, resisted decay the longest but bled soonest.