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Cyanidin-3-rutinoside reduces insulin fibrillation and attenuates insulin fibrils-induced oxidative hemolysis of human erythrocytes

Saithong, Thanyaporn, Thilavech, Thavaree, Adisakwattana, Sirichai
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018 v.113 pp. 259-268
amyloid, anthocyanins, bioactive properties, catalase, enzyme activity, erythrocytes, glutathione, hemolysis, humans, insulin, lipid peroxidation
Insulin is able to form amyloid-like fibrils, a misfolding process by which insulin molecules interact with each other to form aggregates and pathological amyloid deposition. Inhibition of amyloid aggregation using natural products is proposed as a new strategy to prohibit the development of amyloid diseases. Herein, we demonstrated the inhibitory effect of cyanidin-3-rutinoside (C3R), a natural anthocyanin with multiple biological activities, against insulin amyloid fibrillation. The results showed that increased insulin concentration resulted in faster growth and higher amounts of insulin fibrils. C3R (10.6–170μM) concentration dependently decreased insulin fibril growth and increased the duration of lag time of insulin fibril formation. Moreover, C3R directly decreased the secondary structure transition from α-helix to β-sheet structure. C3R (0.31–5μM) attenuated insulin fibrils-induced oxidative hemolysis of human erythrocytes in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, C3R reduced insulin fibrils-induced erythrocyte membrane disruption through the inhibition of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. The findings also suggest that C3R reduced fibrils-induced membrane lipid peroxidation by maintaining the catalase activity and oxidized/reduced glutathione content (GSH/GSSH) in erythrocytes. These findings suggest that C3R may serve as a potential inhibitory agent against amyloid fibril formation and insulin fibrils-induced oxidative hemolysis.