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Antioxidant capacity, insecticidal ability and heat-oxidation stability of Tagetes lemmonii leaf extract
- Ma, Chih-Ming, Cheng, Chih-Lun, Lee, Shang-Chieh, Hong, Gui-Bing
- Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2018 v.151 pp. 68-75
- Tagetes, Tribolium castaneum, analysis of variance, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, bioactive compounds, ethanol, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, insecticidal properties, insects, leaf extracts, leaves, lipid peroxidation, olive oil, phenolic compounds, response surface methodology, temperature, toxicity
- The aim of this study was to examine the effect of process factors such as ethanol concentration, extraction time and temperature on the extraction yield and the bioactive contents of Tagetes lemmonii leaf extracts using response surface methodology (RSM). ANOVA results showed that the response variables were affected by the ethanol concentration to a very significant degree and by extraction temperature to a lesser degree. GC/MS characterization showed that the extract is rich in bioactive compounds and those present exhibited important biological activities such as antioxidant, insect repellence and insecticidal activities. The results from the toxicity assay demonstrate that the extract obtained from the leaves of Tagetes lemmonii was an effective insect toxin against Tribolium castaneum. The radical scavenging activity and p-anisidine test results of olive oil spiked with different concentrations of leaf extract showed that the phenolic compounds can retard lipid oxidation.