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Characterization of subgroup J avian Leukosis virus isolated from Chinese indigenous chickens

Meng, Fanfeng, Li, Qiuchen, Zhang, Yawen, Zhang, Zhihui, Tian, Sibao, Cui, Zhizhong, Chang, Shuang, Zhao, Peng
Virology journal 2018 v.15 no.1 pp. 33
Avian leukosis virus, antibodies, broiler chickens, farms, fluorescent antibody technique, genes, laying hens, neoplasms, viruses, China
BACKGROUND: In spite of the purification of the laying hens and broilers of avian leukosis virus (ALV) has made remarkable achievements, the infection of ALV was still serious in Chinese indigenous chickens. METHODS: In order to assess the epidemic state of avian leukosis virus in indigenous chickens in China, 10 novel strains of ALV subgroup J (ALV-J), named JS16JH01 to JS16JH10, were isolated and identified by virus isolation and immunofluorescence antibody assays from a Chinese local breed farm with a sporadic incidence of tumors. To understand their virological characteristics further, the proviral genome of ENV-LTR was sequenced and compared with the reference strains. RESULTS: The homology of the gp85 gene between the ten ALV-J strains and NX0101 was in the range from 89.7–94.8% at the nuclear acid level. In addition, their gp85 genes were quite varied, with identities of 92–98% with themselves at the nuclear acid level. There were several snp and indel sites in the amino acid sequence of gp85 genes after comparison with other reference strains of ALV. Interestingly, a novel insertion in the gp85 region was found in two strains, JS16JH01 and JS16JH07, compared with NX0101 and HPRS-103. DISCUSSION: At present, owing to the large-scale purification of ALV in China, laying hens and broiler chickens with ALV infection are rarely detected, but ALVs are still frequently detected in the local chickens, which suggests that more efforts should be applied to the purification of ALV from indigenous chickens.