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Physiological and proteomic analysis of plant growth enhancement by the rhizobacteria Bacillus sp. JS

Ji Seong Kim, Jeong Eun Lee, Hualin Nie, Yong Jae Lee, Sun Tae Kim, Sun-Hyung Kim
Genes & genomics 2018 v.40 no.2 pp. 129-136
Bacillus (bacteria), Lactuca sativa, Nicotiana tabacum, binding proteins, chlorophyll, lettuce, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, plant proteins, proteomics, rhizosphere bacteria, shoots, tobacco, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis
In this study, the effects of the plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR), Bacillus sp. JS on the growth of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum ‘Xanthi’) and lettuce (Lactuca sativa ‘Crispa’), were evaluated by comparing various growth parameters between plants treated with the bacterium and those exposed to water or nutrient broth as control. In both tobacco and lettuce, fresh weight and length of shoots were increased upon exposure to Bacillus sp. JS. To explain the overall de novo expression of plant proteins by bacterial volatiles, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was performed on samples from PGPR-treated tobacco plants. Our results showed that chlorophyll a/b binding proteins were significantly up-regulated, and total chlorophyll content was also increased. Our findings indicate the potential benefits of using Bacillus sp. JS as a growth-promoting factor in agricultural practice, and highlight the need for further research to explore these benefits.