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Association analysis of the SNP (rs345476947) in the FUT2 gene with the production and reproductive traits in pigs

Wang, Haifei, Wu, Sen, Wu, Jiayun, Sun, Shouyong, Wu, Shenglong, Bao, Wenbin
Genes & genomics 2018 v.40 no.2 pp. 199-206
neonates, duodenum, lymph, eyes, gene expression, spleen, genotype, Large White, introns, selection methods, messenger RNA, muscles, reproductive traits, kidneys, sows, backfat, single nucleotide polymorphism, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, liver, fat thickness, genetic variation, piglets, birth weight
The FUT2 gene was considered as an important candidate for pathogenic infections, while the potential associations between this gene and the production and reproductive traits of pigs have not been explored. In this study, we detected the genetic variants of porcine FUT2 gene and analyzed the associations of the polymorphisms with FUT2 mRNA expression and production and reproductive traits (age at 100 kg, backfat thickness at 100 kg, eye muscle thickness, the number of newborn piglets, the number of weaned piglets, and birth weight) in 100 Large White sows. One single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs345476947, C→T) in the intron of FUT2 and three genotypes (TT, CT and CC) were determined. Association analysis revealed significant associations between this SNP with the number of newborn piglets and weaned piglets. Furthermore, individuals with the TT genotype had significantly higher numbers of newborn piglets and weaned piglets than those with the CC genotype (P < 0.05). Quantitative PCR analysis showed that FUT2 expression in individuals with CC genotype was significantly higher than those with TT and CT genotypes in the liver and lymph gland (P < 0.05) and higher than that of CT in the spleen, kidney, and duodenum (P < 0.05). These findings indicated that the TT genotype may be a favorable genotype for the reproductive traits of pigs. Our study revealed the genetic variants of the FUT2 gene and identified a promising candidate SNP (rs345476947) associated with the reproductive traits, which has the potential to be applied in selective breeding of pigs.