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Bioactive halogenated dihydroisocoumarins produced by the endophytic fungus Lachnum palmae isolated from Przewalskia tangutica

Zhao, Min, Yuan, Lv-Yi, Guo, Da-Le, Ye, Ye, Da-Wa, Zhuo-Ma, Wang, Xiao-Ling, Ma, Feng-Wei, Chen, Lei, Gu, Yu-Cheng, Ding, Li-Sheng, Zhou, Yan
Phytochemistry 2018 v.148 pp. 97-103
Arecaceae, Lachnum, Penicillium, antimicrobial properties, cytotoxicity, endophytes, enzyme inhibitors, fungi, histone deacetylase, inhibitory concentration 50, nitric oxide, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Guided by the UPLC-ESIMS profile, seven previously undescribed halogenated dihydroisocoumarins, palmaerones A-G, along with eleven known dihydroisocoumarins, were isolated from Lachnum palmae, an endophytic fungus from Przewalskia tangutica by exposure to a histone deacetylase inhibitor SAHA. Structures of the isolates were elucidated by analysis of their NMR, MS and optical rotation values. The antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activities of palmaerones A-G were evaluated. Palmaerones A-G showed antimicrobial activities against the strains (C. neoformans, Penicillium sp., C. albicans, B. subtilis and S. aureus), and palmaerone E exhibited potential antimicrobial activities against all the test strains with the MIC value in the range of 10–55 μg/mL. Palmaerones A and E exhibited moderate inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, with the IC50 values of 26.3 and 38.7 μM, respectively and no obvious toxicities were observed at 50 μM. Palmaerone E showed weak cytotoxicity against HepG2 with the IC50 value of 42.8 μM. This work provides an effective strategy for expanding natural product resource.