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Preparation of ionic liquid modified magnetic metal-organic frameworks composites for the solid-phase extraction of α–chymotrypsin

Wei, Xiaoxiao, Wang, Yuzhi, Chen, Jing, Xu, Panli, Zhou, Yigang
Talanta 2018 v.182 pp. 484-491
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, bovine serum albumin, carbon nanotubes, cattle, chlorides, chymotrypsin, coordination polymers, enzyme activity, hemoglobin, ionic liquids, ionic strength, iron oxides, magnetic materials, magnetism, nanocomposites, nanoparticles, ovalbumin, pH, pancreas, solid phase extraction, swine, temperature, thermogravimetry, transmission electron microscopes, transmission electron microscopy, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, zeta potential
A novel magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) method based on 1-hexyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride ionic liquid (IL) modified magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles, hydroxylated multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs-OH) and zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) nanocomposites (Fe3O4-MWCNTs-OH@ZIF-67@IL) were proposed and applied to extract α–chymotrypsin. The magnetic materials were synthesized successfully and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and zeta potentials. Subsequently, the UV–vis spectrophotometer at about 280 nm was utilized to quantitatively analyze the α–chymotrypsin concentration in the supernatant. Furthermore, single factor experiments revealed that the extraction capacity was influenced by initial α–chymotrypsin concentration, ionic strength, extraction time, extraction temperature and pH value. The extraction capacity could reach up to about 635 mg g−1 under the optimized conditions, absolutely higher than that of extraction for Ovalbumin (OVA), Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and Bovine hemoglobin (BHb). In addition, the regeneration studies showed Fe3O4-MWCNTs-OH@ZIF-67@IL particles could be reused several times and kept a high extraction capacity. Besides, the study of enzymatic activity also indicated that the activity of the extracted α–chymotrypsin was well maintained 93% of initial activity. What's more, the proposed method was successfully applied to extract α–chymotrypsin in porcine pancreas crude extract with satisfactory results. All of above conclusions highlight the great potential of the proposed Fe3O4-MWCNTs-OH@ZIF-67@IL-MSPE method in the analysis of biomolecules.