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Enhancing anaerobic digestion and methane production of tetracycline wastewater in EGSB reactor with GAC/NZVI mediator

Zhang, Zhaohan, Gao, Peng, Cheng, Jiaqi, Liu, Guohong, Zhang, Xiaoqi, Feng, Yujie
Water research 2018 v.136 pp. 54-63
Archaea, Treponema, anaerobic digestion, bacteria, biogas, chemical oxygen demand, community structure, electrical conductivity, iron, mass transfer, metabolites, methane, methane production, methanogens, microbial communities, pollutants, sludge, sulfides, tetracycline, wastewater
Packing nano mediators into anaerobic system is an attractive technology to strengthen refractory pollutant removal and methane production from wastewater, but is limited by the drawbacks such as easy loss and poor mass transfer. In this study, GAC/NZVI mediator was added into EGSB reactor to investigate the enhancement effects and mechanism for anaerobic digestion of tetracycline wastewater and its impacts on microbial community structure. The results indicated that GAC/NZVI could enhance COD and TOC removal by 12.1% and 10.3%, while have no evident influence on tetracycline removal and sulfide production. The biogas production and methane content were increased by 21.2% and 26.9%, respectively. GAC/NZVI addition resulted in formation of densely packed aggregates, and evidently increased the electrical conductivity and EPS content in sludge. Fe content in sludge was 20.43% with the loss of only 5.4% during 34 d operation. Microbial community analysis revealed that GAC/NZVI addition could both increase the Chao 1 richness index and Shannon diversity index of bacteria and archaea. It was notable that total methanogens contents increased from 74.7% to 81.74% at genera level, resulting in higher methane production, while Treponema increase might promote the degradation of tetracycline and its metabolite, leading to higher COD removal.