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Cellulose nanofiber board

Author:
Yousefi, Hossein, Azad, Sona, Mashkour, Mahdi, Khazaeian, Abolghasem
Source:
Carbohydrate polymers 2018 v.187 pp. 133-139
ISSN:
0144-8617
Subject:
absorbents, cellulose, cellulosic fibers, drying, fiberboards, gels, nanofibers, ovens, polymers, steel
Abstract:
A cellulose nanofiber board (CNF-board) with a nominal thickness of 3 mm was fabricated without adhesive or additive. To provide comparison, a cellulose fiber board (CF-board) was also fabricated. A novel cold pre-press apparatus was made to dewater highly absorbent CNF gel prior to drying. A mild drying condition in the vacuum oven at 70 °C and 0.005 MPa was enough to provide the CNF-board with a density of 1.3 g/cm3 thanks to its self-densification capability. Unlike the CF-board, the fabricated CNF-board had a high water-activated dimensional recovery ratio (averagely 96%) during the five cyclic wetting-drying process. The flexural and tensile strengths of CNF-board obtained were 162 MPa and 85 MPa, respectively. The corresponding values for CF-board were 28 MPa and 11 MPa, respectively. The specific flexural and tensile strengths of CNF-board obtained were higher than those of CF-board as well as some other traditional wood-based composites, polymers and structural ASTM A36 steel.
Agid:
5907473