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Comparison of two immersion probes coupled with visible/near infrared spectroscopy to assess the must infection at the grape receiving area
- Giovenzana, Valentina, Beghi, Roberto, Tugnolo, Alessio, Brancadoro, Lucio, Guidetti, Riccardo
- Computers and electronics in agriculture 2018 v.146 pp. 86-92
- Vitis vinifera, acidity, discriminant analysis, grape must, least squares, models, near-infrared spectroscopy, reflectance, spectrophotometers, total soluble solids, transmittance, wine grapes, wine industry
- The aim of this work was to investigate the applicability of visible/near infrared (vis/NIR) spectroscopy comparing two immersion probes to evaluate the phytosanitary status of must at the grape receiving area to support wineries for an objective quantification of grape infection level.The experimentation was conducted on white and red varieties (Vitis vinifera L.), employing grapes naturally infected with the major wine grape diseases. A total of 159 musts were product and analysed by using a vis/NIR spectrophotometer coupled with two kind of immersion probes: a reflectance probe and a transmittance one. Classification analysis (Partial Least Squares – Discriminant Analysis, PLS-DA) was performed on musts spectra to test the performance of the spectrophotometer, combined with the two probes, to classify healthy and infected samples.Considering three different spectral range analysed (430–1000 nm; 1000–1650 nm; 430–1650 nm), the results obtained from PLS-DA models, in cross-validation, gave values of correctly classified samples (accuracy, %) between 52.5% and 90.4%, and ranged from 68.4% to 84.3% for reflectance and transmittance probes respectively.The optical system was tested in controlled laboratory conditions, simulating the desirable final use of device. A future real scale application could be envisaged inside the analysis tank at the grape receiving area, after setting the operative conditions to perform the measurements directly coupled with the traditional and common quality analysis (soluble solid content and acidity) performed on grape musts sampled at the grape consignment.