Main content area

Dietary protease modulates nutrient retention efficiency and hepatopancreatic protease activity in juvenile Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis

Chowdhury, M.A.K., Zhu, J., Cai, C., Ye, Y., He, J.
Aquaculture nutrition 2018 v.24 no.2 pp. 911-917
Eriocheir sinensis, animals, correlation, diet, energy, enzyme activity, fish meal, juveniles, lipids, nutrient retention, plant proteins, regression analysis, specific growth rate, trypsin
An 8‐week growth trial was conducted with juvenile Chinese mitten crab fed a high fishmeal (FM) diet (PC), a low FM diet (NC) and three other diets (NC125, NC150 and NC175) supplemented with 125, 150 and 175 mg/kg of a dietary protease. In the NC diets, a portion of FM (from PC diet) was replaced by a combination of plant proteins. All diets were isoproteic (404 ± 3 g/kg) and isoenergetic (18.6 ± 0.2 kJ/g). No differences were observed among treatments in most parameters except protein (PRE, %) and lipid (LRE, %) retention efficiencies, where LRE was the highest (37.9%) in NC175 followed by the PC. A linear regression demonstrated significant effects of protease on hepatopancreatic trypsin activity (HPRO, p = .001), and PRE (p = .05) and LRE (p = .014) but not on energy retention efficiency (ERE). Dietary protease level was positively correlated with HPRO and nutrient retention efficiency (p < .05). On the other hand, the specific growth rate (SGR) was positively correlated with portein deposition (PD), lipid deposition (LP) and recovered energy (RE) and negatively correlated with survival (p < .05). This study is first to demonstrate that mainly nutrient retention efficiencies are modulated by specific dietary enzymes in animals.