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Long-Term Leaching Effect on Decay Resistance of Wood-Plastic Composites Treated with Boron Compounds

Cavdar, AyferDonmez, Tomak, EylemDizman, Mengeloglu, Fatih
Journal of polymers and the environment 2018 v.26 no.2 pp. 756-764
Coniophora puteana, Coriolus versicolor, Picea, borax, brown-rot fungi, decay resistance, leaching, scanning electron microscopy, thermoplastics, water content, water uptake, weight loss, white-rot fungi, wood flour, wood plastic composites
In this study, water absorption, thickness swelling and decay resistance of thermoplastic composites treated with three types of boron compounds was investigated. Spruce wood flour was treated with boric acid (BA), borax (BX) and mixture of BA–BX, and then was reinforced at two loading rate (20 and 40 wt%) in polymer matrix. Decay test of the composites was performed using with a brown rot fungus Coniophora puteana and a white rot fungus Trametes versicolor both for leached and unleached samples. The morphologic evaluations of decayed samples were done by scanning electron microscopy. Composites containing higher wood flour loading resulted in increased water absorption, thickness swelling, weight loss and moisture content. Fungal decay susceptibility of WPCs was influenced by leaching test for 60 days. Boron compound treated composites showed higher weight loss and moisture content than controls in decay test. All tested performance parameters were considerably increased in BX containing composites.