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The effect of temperature and light on embryogenesis and post-embryogenesis of the spider Eratigena atrica (Araneae, Agelenidae)
- Napiórkowska, Teresa, Kobak, Jarosław, Napiórkowski, Paweł, Templin, Julita
- Journal of thermal biology 2018 v.72 pp. 26-32
- Agelenidae, embryogenesis, larvae, mortality, nymphs, photoperiod, temperature
- Embryogenesis and post-embryogenesis of spiders depend on several environmental factors including light and temperature. This study was aimed at evaluating the impact of different thermal and lighting conditions on embryonic and early post-embryonic development of Eratigena atrica. Embryos, larvae, nymphs I and II were incubated at constant temperatures of 12, 22, 25 and 32°C under three different light regimes: light, dark, light/dark. Extreme temperatures (12 and 32°C) significantly increased mortality of embryos (to 100%) and nymphs II, whereas larvae and nymphs I suffered reduced survival only at the lowest temperature. Moreover, the lowest temperature reduced the development rate of all stages. The impact of light conditions was less pronounced and more variable: constant light reduced the survival of nymphs I at lower temperatures, but increased that of larvae. Moreover, light increased the time of embryonic development and duration of nymphal stages, particularly at lower temperatures (12–22°C). Thus, the most optimal locations for spiders seem to be dark (though except larval stage) and warm (25°C) sites, where their development is fastest and mortality lowest.