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Purification and identification of anti-inflammatory peptides from spent hen muscle proteins hydrolysate

Yu, Wenlin, Field, Catherine J., Wu, Jianping
Food chemistry 2018 v.253 pp. 101-107
high performance liquid chromatography, hydrolysates, interleukin-6, market value, mass spectrometry, muscle protein, proteinases, solid phase extraction, spent hens, ultrafiltration
Spent hens have low market value and incur significant costs for disposal. This study explored the use of spent hens as a source of bioactive peptides. Spent hen hydrolysates prepared by Protease M or Protex 50FP exhibited interleukin (IL)-6 inhibitory activity in endotoxin-activated macrophage-like U937 cells (p < .05). The potential peptides from Protex 50FP hydrolysate were further fractionated using a combination of ultrafiltration, solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography; 17 novel peptides encoded in major muscle proteins were identified by mass spectrometry analysis, of which 7 were chemically synthesized and assayed for the IL-6 inhibitory activity. At a concentration of 100 µg/mL, peptide FLWGKSY induced a 79% reduction of IL-6 production in endotoxin-activated macrophage-like U937 cells, which is comparable to results reported from other food sources. Our results indicate that spent hens have potential to be a source of bioactive peptides for anti-inflammatory applications.