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FTIR studies of gluten matrix dehydration after fibre polysaccharide addition

Nawrocka, Agnieszka, Krekora, Magdalena, Niewiadomski, Zbigniew, Miś, Antoni
Food chemistry 2018 v.252 pp. 198-206
Citrus, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, apples, cellulose, dough, flour, hydrogen bonding, inulin, models, pectins, wheat gluten
FTIR spectroscopy was used to determine changes in secondary structure, as well as water state, in gluten and model doughs supplemented by four fibre polysaccharides (microcrystalline cellulose, inulin, apple pectin and citrus pectin). The gluten and model doughs were obtained from commercially available wheat gluten and model flour, respectively. The polysaccharides were used in five concentrations: 3%, 6%, 9%, 12% and 18%. Analysis of the FTIR spectra indicated that polysaccharides could be divided into two groups: first – microcrystalline cellulose and inulin, second – apple and citrus pectins that induced opposite structural changes. Changes in secondary structure concern mainly β-sheets and β-turns that form aggregated β-structures, suggesting dehydration of the gluten matrix as a result of competition for water between gluten proteins and polysaccharides. Moreover, the positive band at ca. 1226 cm−1 in the spectra of pectin-modified samples indicates formation of ‘ether’ type hydrogen bonds between gluten proteins and pectins.