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Biochemical characterization of two GH70 family 4,6-α-glucanotransferases with distinct product specificity from Lactobacillus aviarius subsp. aviarius DSM 20655
- Meng, Xiangfeng, Gangoiti, Joana, de Kok, Niels, van Leeuwen, Sander S., Pijning, Tjaard, Dijkhuizen, Lubbert
- Food chemistry 2018 v.253 pp. 236-246
- Lactobacillus aviarius, alpha-amylase, amylose, dietary fiber, enzymatic hydrolysis, transferases
- Nine GtfB-like 4,6-α-glucanotransferases (4,6-α-GTs) (represented by GtfX of L. aviarius subsp. aviarius DSM 20655) were identified to show distinct characteristics in conserved motifs I-IV. In particular, the “fingerprint” Tyr in motif III of these nine GtfB-type 4,6-α-GTs was found to be replaced by a Trp. In L. aviarius subsp. aviarius DSM20655, a second GtfB-like protein (GtfY), containing the canonical GtfB Tyr residue in motif III, was located directly upstream of GtfX. Biochemical characterization revealed that both GtfX and GtfY showed GtfB-like 4,6-α-GT activity, cleaving (α1→4) linkages and catalyzing the synthesis of (α1→6) linkages. Nonetheless, they differ in product specificity; GtfY only synthesizes consecutive (α1→6) linkages, yielding linear α-glucan products, but GtfX catalyzes the synthesis of (α1→6) linkages predominantly at branch points (22%) rather than in linear segments (10%). The highly branched α-glucan produced by GtfX from amylose V is resistant to digestion by α-amylase, offering great potential as dietary fibers.