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Construction of a genome-anchored, high-density genetic map for melon (Cucumis melo L.) and identification of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melonis race 1 resistance QTL

Branham, SandraE., Levi, Amnon, Katawczik, Melanie, Fei, Zhangjun, Wechter, W.Patrick
Theoretical and applied genetics 2018 v.131 no.4 pp. 829-837
Alternaria, Cucumis melo, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melonis, Fusarium wilt, alleles, chromosome mapping, cultivars, disease resistance, disease severity, downy mildew, epistasis, genotyping, inbred lines, leaf blight, marker-assisted selection, melons, powdery mildew, quantitative trait loci, resistance genes, single nucleotide polymorphism
KEY MESSAGE: Four QTLs and an epistatic interaction were associated with disease severity in response to inoculation with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melonis race 1 in a recombinant inbred line population of melon. The USDA Cucumis melo inbred line, MR-1, harbors a wealth of alleles associated with resistance to several major diseases of melon, including powdery mildew, downy mildew, Alternaria leaf blight, and Fusarium wilt. MR-1 was crossed to an Israeli cultivar, Ananas Yok’neam, which is susceptible to all of these diseases, to generate a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population of 172 lines. In this study, the RIL population was genotyped to construct an ultra-dense genetic linkage map with 5663 binned SNPs anchored to the C. melo genome and exhibits the overall high quality of the assembly. The utility of the densely genotyped population was demonstrated through QTL mapping of a well-studied trait, resistance to Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melonis (Fom) race 1. A major QTL co-located with the previously validated resistance gene Fom-2. In addition, three minor QTLs and an epistatic interaction contributing to Fom race 1 resistance were identified. The MR-1 × AY RIL population provides a valuable resource for future QTL mapping studies and marker-assisted selection of disease resistance in melon.