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Applying strand displacement amplification to quantum dots-based fluorescent lateral flow assay strips for HIV-DNA detection

Deng, Xilei, Wang, Cong, Gao, Ya, Li, Jingwen, Wen, Wei, Zhang, Xiuhua, Wang, Shengfu
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2018 v.105 pp. 211-217
DNA, biocompatibility, biosensors, blood serum, fluorescence, gold, humans, mycotoxins, nanogold, neoplasm antigens, nucleotide sequences, oligonucleotides, quantum dots, surface area
Up to now, the colloidal gold labeling immunochromatographic test strip is a mature and applicable technology. However, different from the conventional gold nanoparticle, quantum dot (QD) possesses larger specific surface area and better biocompatibility. So, as a novel nanomaterial, QD is capable of assembling more biomolecule which could enhance the sensitivity and accuracy of strips by rationality. Besides, strand displacement amplification was drawn into our test strips in this paper, this assumption made HIV-DNA recycling many times and converting it to plentiful QD-dsDNA (double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid), where after these nano-structures would be captured by test zone. Meanwhile, the suggested scheme eliminated the hook effect owing to the target drop out of the incorporation on test zone, and any nucleotide sequence or substance which has aptamers can work as the target, such as carcinoembryonic antigen or mycotoxin. This assay realized the detection limit of as low as 0.76 pM (S/N = 3) and the detection range of 1 pM to 10 nM. In the end, we made use of this fluorescent lateral flow assay strips with great reproducibility for detecting HIV-DNA in human serum, that attested this method could be applied to practical application prospectively.