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Effect of ternary blends of bio-ethanol, diesel and castor oil on performance, emission and combustion in a CI engine

Author:
Prakash, T., Geo, V. Edwin, Martin, Leenus Jesu, Nagalingam, B.
Source:
Renewable energy 2018 v.122 pp. 301-309
ISSN:
0960-1481
Subject:
alcohols, bioethanol, castor oil, combustion, diesel engines, mixing, nitric oxide, opacity, ricinoleic acid, separation, smoke, viscosity, water content
Abstract:
Some properties of castor oil such as extremely high viscosity and high water content complicate the use of neat castor oil (NCO) as a fuel for compression ignition engines. The brake thermal efficiency, emission and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine operation compared with neat castor oil is far inferior. However, neat castor oil has an affinity for alcohol because of high Ricinoleic Acid about 89.5% and hence mixes in any proportion without any phase separation and also diesel easily blends with neat castor oil. The blending of bio-ethanol and diesel enhances the combustion of NCO. The present study aims to obtain an optimum ternary fuel blend with neat castor oil-diesel- bio-ethanol, which can be used in small diesel engines. Experimental investigation reveals that the ternary blend of neat castor oil-diesel-bio-ethanol fuel with the volume ratio of NCO40 + D30 + E30 is optimum. At full load, the thermal efficiency of the engine operating with NCO40 + D30 + E30 is 31.25%, which is closer to diesel operation of 32.94% and specific NO emission for NCO40 + D30 + E30 is 6.11 g/kWh, whereas it is 8.17 g/kWh for diesel. NCO40 + D30 + E30 has a smoke emission of 68% opacity, but the smoke level of the base diesel engine is 57% opacity.
Agid:
5912149