Main content area

Pyrolysis and kinetic analyses of a perennial grass (Saccharum ravannae L.) from north-east India: Optimization through response surface methodology and product characterization

Saikia, Ruprekha, Baruah, Bhargav, Kalita, Dipankar, Pant, Kamal K., Gogoi, Nirmali, Kataki, Rupam
Bioresource technology 2018 v.253 pp. 304-314
Saccharum, activation energy, antioxidant activity, biofuels, biomass, food industry, grasses, nitrogen, perennials, pyrolysis, reaction mechanisms, response surface methodology, temperature, India
The objective of the present investigation was to optimize the pyrolysis condition of an abundantly available and low cost perennial grass of north-east India Saccharum ravannae L. (S. ravannae) using response surface methodology based on central composite design. Kinetic study of the biomass was conducted at four different heating rates of 10, 20, 40 and 60 °C min−1 and results were interpreted by Friedman, Kissinger Akira Sunnose and Flynn-Wall-Ozawa methods. Average activation energy 151.45 kJ mol−1 was used for evaluation of reaction mechanism following Criado master plot. Maximum bio-oil yield of 38.1 wt% was obtained at pyrolysis temperature of 550 °C, heating rate of 20 °C min−1 and nitrogen flow rate of 226 mL min−1. Study on bio-oil quality revealed higher content of hydrocarbon, antioxidant property, total phenolic content and metal chelating capacity. These opened up probable applications of S. ravannae bio-oil in different fields including fuel, food industry and biomedical domain.