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Effects of three cutting blade designs on energy consumption during mowing-conditioning of Miscanthus Giganteus

Author:
Gan, Hao, Mathanker, Sunil, Momin, Md Abdul, Kuhns, Brendan, Stoffel, Neal, Hansen, Alan, Grift, Tony
Source:
Biomass and bioenergy 2018 v.109 pp. 166-171
ISSN:
0961-9534
Subject:
Miscanthus giganteus, biomass, blades, cutting, energy, energy requirements, field capacity, harvesting equipment
Abstract:
This study compared energy consumption during harvest of Miscanthus Giganteus with a New Holland H8080 mower-conditioner among three cutting blade designs being 1) straight, 2) straight, angled at 30° and 3) serrated. Square bales were produced by a New Holland BB9080 large square baler. To calculate energy consumption per unit crop mass in MJ Mg−1, bales of known mass were identified, and the cutting energy to produce this bale was calculated by accumulating the mower-conditioner's energy consumption across the collection area associated with that bale. Energy consumption was also expressed as a Percentage of Inherent Heating Value (PIHV), where energy consumption was divided by the heating value of Miscanthus Giganteus (17.7 GJ Mg−1). Average energy requirement for the whole machine were 12.31 MJ Mg−1 (0.070 PIHV), 11.31 MJ Mg−1 (0.064 PIHV), and 9.27 MJ Mg−1 (0.052 PIHV) for straight, angled and serrated blades respectively. Average energy requirements for the header were 9.50 MJ Mg−1 (0.054 PIHV), 8.32 MJ Mg−1 (0.047 PIHV), and 7.20 MJ Mg−1 (0.041 PIHV) for straight, angled and serrated blades respectively. Average energy requirements for traction were 0.96 MJ Mg−1 (0.005 PIHV), 1.21 MJ Mg−1 (0.007 PIHV), and 1.04 MJ Mg−1 (0.006 PIHV) for straight, angled and serrated blades respectively. The theoretical field capacity increased from straight blades at 1.35 ha h−1 to angled blades at 1.52 ha h−1 to serrated blades at 2.23 ha h−1. Evidently, the design of cutting blades had a significant effect on energy consumption and field performance of biomass harvesting equipment.
Agid:
5912267