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Elucidation of intermolecular interaction of bovine serum albumin with Fenhexamid: A biophysical prospect

Shi, Jie-Hua, Lou, Yan-Yue, Zhou, Kai-Li, Pan, Dong-Qi
Journal of photochemistry and photobiology 2018 v.180 pp. 125-133
Botrytis cinerea, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, bovine serum albumin, crops, fenhexamid, fluorescence, fluorescence emission spectroscopy, food production, fruits, hydrogen bonding, molecular models, sucrose, thermodynamics, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy
Fenhexamid, as a hydroxyanilide, is widely applied to control Botrytis cinerea for protecting crops and fruits. But it could adversely affect human and animals health due to accumulation of residues in food production. Here, the affinity characteristics of fenhexamid on bovine serum albumin (BSA) was studied via a series of spectroscopic methods such as steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy, ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV), synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy (SFS), 3D fluorescence spectroscopy, and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The experimental results illustrated that the fluorescence quenching mechanism of BSA induced by fenhexamid was a static quenching. The binding constant (Kb) of fenhexamid with BSA was 2.399 × 104 M−1 at 298 K and the combination ratio was about 1:1. The competitive experiment demonstrated that fenhexamid was binding on the BSA at site II (subdomain IIIA), which was confirmed by the molecular docking studies. The negative values of thermodynamic parameter (ΔH0, ΔS0 and ΔG0) revealed that the reaction of fenhexamid with BSA could proceed spontaneously, the van der Waals force and hydrogen bonding interaction conducted the main effect, and the binding process was enthalpy-driven. What's more, the 8-Anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonate (ANS) and sucrose binding studies were also performed and further verified the binding force between BSA and fenhexamid.