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Utilización de marcadores ITS e ISSR para la caracterización molecular de cepas híbridas de Pleurotus djamor

Aguilar Doroteo, Leticia, Zárate Segura, Paola Berenice, Villanueva Arce, Ramón, Yáñez Fernández, Jorge, Garín Aguilar, María Eugenia, Guadarrama Mendoza, Paula Cecilia, Valencia del Toro, Gustavo
Revista iberoamericana de micología 2018 v.35 pp. 49-55
DNA primers, Pleurotus djamor, genetic improvement, genetic variation, germplasm conservation, hybrids, internal transcribed spacers, microsatellite repeats, mushroom growing, Mexico
Molecular characterisation of wild type Pleurotus species is important for germplasm conservation and its further use for genetic improvement. No molecular studies have been performed with monokaryons used for producing hybrid strains, either with the reconstituted strains obtained by pairing those monokaryons. The molecular characterisation of parental dikaryons, hybrid, and reconstituted strains as well as monokaryotic strains, is therefore of utmost importance.To carry out the molecular identification of Pleurotus djamor strains, i.e. dikaryotic wild type strains, hybrid strains, and the monokaryotic strains used for the hybrid formation.Five wild type strains of P. djamor from different states in Mexico were collected and molecularly identified by sequencing the ITS1-5.8-ITS2 region using ITS1 and ITS4 universal oligonucleotides. Four hybrid strains were obtained by pairing neohaplonts of two wild type strains selected. Six ISSR markers were used for the molecular characterisation of monokaryotic and dikaryotic strains.Using the ITS markers, an amplified product of 700bp was obtained in five wild type strains, with a 99-100% similarity with P. djamor. A total of 95 fragments were obtained using the ISSR markers, with 99% of polymorphism.Wild type strains were identified as P. djamor, and were clearly grouped with Mexican strains from other states of Mexico. ISSR markers allowed the generation of polymorphic bands in monokaryotic and dikaryotic strains, splitting both types of strains. The high degree of polymorphism indicates the genetic diversity of P. djamor, an advantage in mushroom production and in the improving of the species.