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Investigation of elastic constants and ultimate strengths of Korean pine from compression and tension tests

Yang, Na, Zhang, Lei
Journal of wood science 2018 v.64 no.2 pp. 85-96
Pinus koraiensis, crushing, laboratory experimentation, mass timber, mechanical properties, modulus of elasticity, wood, China
Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) is a wood species recently adopted in China for the rehabilitation of traditional timber buildings. This paper investigates its mechanical properties with laboratory tests on typical specimens to obtain the moduli of elasticity, Poisson’s ratios, shear moduli, coefficients of mutual influence, crushing strengths and tension strengths in various directions. Highly different failure patterns of specimens in compression test were observed when loaded in different directions relative to the grain while only brittle failure mode was observed for tension specimens. The measured parameters of Korean pine were compared with those obtained from theory of orthotropic elasticity, the empirical formula and the Norris failure criterion, good agreements were reached for all examinations in general which indicate it is admissible to treat Korean pine as ideal orthotropic material.