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Fast start-up of the CANON process with a SABF and the effects of pH and temperature on nitrogen removal and microbial activity

Yue, Xiu, Yu, Guangping, Liu, Zhuhan, Tang, Jiali, Liu, Jian
Bioresource technology 2018 v.254 pp. 157-165
Planctomycetes, Proteobacteria, ammonia, ammonium nitrogen, anaerobic ammonium oxidation, bacteria, microbial activity, nitrites, nitrogen, pH, temperature
The long start-up time of the completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite (CANON) process is one of the main disadvantages of this system. In this paper, the CANON process with a submerged aerated biological filter (SABF) was rapidly started up within 26 days. It gave an average ammonium nitrogen removal rate (ANR) and a total nitrogen removal rate (TNR) of 94.2% and 81.3%, respectively. The phyla Proteobacteria and Planctomycetes were confirmed as the ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and anaerobic ammonium oxidation bacteria (AnAOB). The genus Candidatus Brocadia was the major contributor of nitrogen removal. pH and temperature affect the performance of the CANON process. This experimental results showed that the optimum pH and temperature were 8.0 and 30 °C, respectively, which gave the highest average ANR and TNR values of 94.6% and 85.1%, respectively. This research could promote the nitrogen removal ability of CANON process in the future.