Main content area

Pretreatment of grass waste using combined ionizing radiation-acid treatment for enhancing fermentative hydrogen production

Yang, Guang, Wang, Jianlong
Bioresource technology 2018 v.255 pp. 7-15
Clostridium, crystal structure, fermentation, grasses, hydrogen, hydrogen production, ionization, ionizing radiation, microbial communities, polysaccharides, scanning electron microscopy, wastes
In this study, the combined ionizing radiation-acid pretreatment process was firstly applied to enhance hydrogen fermentation of grass waste. Results showed that the combined pretreatment synergistically enhanced hydrogen fermentation of grass waste. The SCOD and soluble polysaccharide contents of grass waste increased by 1.6 and 2.91 times after the combined pretreatment, respectively. SEM observation and crystallinity test showed the combined pretreatment effectively disrupted the grass structure. Owing to the more favorable substrate conditions, the hydrogen yield achieved 68 mL/g-dry grassadded after the combined pretreatment, which was 161.5%, 112.5% and 28.3% higher than those from raw, ionizing radiation pretreated and acid pretreated grass waste, respectively. The VS removal also increased from 13.9% to 25.6% by the combined pretreatment. Microbial community analysis showed that the abundance of dominant hydrogen producing genus Clostridium sensu stricto 1 increased from 37.9% to 69.4% after the combined pretreatment, which contributed to more efficient hydrogen fermentation.