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Effect of support material pore size on the filtration behavior of dynamic membrane bioreactor
- Cai, Donglong, Huang, Ju, Liu, Guoqiang, Li, Mingyu, Yu, Yang, Meng, Fangang
- Bioresource technology 2018 v.255 pp. 359-363
- chemical oxygen demand, cleaning, filters, filtration, membrane bioreactors, porosity, turbidity
- The effect of support material pore size on the filtration behaviors during start-up and stabilized stages in the dynamic membrane bioreactors (DMBR) was studied. Before the dynamic membrane (DM) was formed, the turbidity at 50-μm could be more than 250 NTU, while it was less than 40 and 10 NTU at 25- and 10-μm, respectively. After the DM was formed, the stabilized stage lasted for 61 days with low transmembrane pressure <0.6 kPa and the 5-, 10-, and 25-μm filters had similar effluent turbidity (<1 NTU) and chemical oxygen demand. However, their averaged flux was 66.4, 25.1, and 3.5 L·m−2·h−1, respectively, suggesting that the 25-μm filter had significantly lower filtration resistance. Consequently, to avoid unallowable high effluent turbidity during start-up or after membrane cleaning and to achieve high flux with low pressure filtration, a mesh size of ∼25 μm is more suitable for DMBR.